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Dried Figs

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Adderss:
Unit#E,2nd Floor No.55,Allameh Tower, North Allameh St, East Sarv St.kaj Square,Saadat-Abad Ave,Tehran, Iran

Post code :
1997855449

Tel:
+9821 - 22365723 +9821 - 22365724

Fax:
+9821 – 89774992

info@irandriedfruit.com

Fig Harvesting

For top quality, allow figs to ripen fully on the tree. But they must be picked as they ripen; otherwise, spoilage from the dried fruit beetle can occur. On-the-tree spoilage or souring is caused by microorganisms in the fully ripe fruit.
These organisms are usually carried into the open eye of the fig by insects, particularly the dried fruit beetle. Daily harvests and the removal of overripe, spoiled figs can greatly reduce spoilage problems. This is particularly true of varieties which have an open eye.
Use gloves and long sleeves when harvesting figs to prevent skin irritation from the fig latex.

Disease Control

Figs in Texas are affected by three major disease problems. The most important is the root knot nematode, which is not readily noticed by the average person.
Root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne sp., are microscopic, soil inhabiting worms which attack the plant's root system. They attack and feed on roots, causing them to swell or gall; thus, interfering with normal uptake of water and nutrients. These galls are easily seen if root samples are observed.
Nematode problems may go unnoticed for several years. As a heavy population builds up, the tree loses vigor and declines gradually. Nematodes contribute to premature fruit drop. To prevent rootknot nematodes in figs, obtain nematode-free plants and plant in nematode-free soil.
Fig rust is an important fungus disease that attacks the leaves of figs. It is caused by Physopella foci. Fig rust first appears as small, yellowish-orange spots on the leaves. These enlarge slightly and may become very numerous as the season progresses.
Rust causes complete defoliation of many trees in the state each year, resulting in ragged-looking trees. In addition, trees defoliated early in the season may initiate new growth which is often susceptible to cold injury.
Defoliation usually does not occur early enough to cause fruit loss except in late ripening varieties.
Rust is controlled with neutral copper sprays. One or two applications made in May or early June usually keep trees in fairly good condition until after fruit ripens. In very wet seasons one or two additional applications may be necessary. A good index for spraying is when the first leaves on the tree have reached full size. The second spray should follow in 3 to 4 weeks. It is extremely important to get good leaf coverage with the spray material.
Fig souring is a constant problem in Texas. The first step in preventing losses attributed to souring is to grow recommended varieties, which have a closed eye, a drooping fruit characteristic and fruit-splitting resistance.
Controlling insects and using resistant varieties restrain most fruit souring problems most of the season. Late season infestations may be impracticable to control.
Phymatotricham omnivore is the number one killer of figs in Texas. This organism is a fungus primarily associated with alkaline soils. This organism kills the roots, causing the plant to wither and die in a short time.
There is no resistant variety or rootstock. The only control, which is impracticable at best, is to completely recondition the soil before planting. This means completely altering the soil pH in the area with a soil acidifier. This type of control is not permanent, however.
Several other minor diseases associated with figs can be found but are a problem only in more humid areas.

Some useful information about dried fig

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